In genetics studies include the strains or genetic stocks used. Present a synopsis of the results followed by an explanation of key findings. General intent The purpose of an introduction is to aquaint the reader with the rationale behind the work, with the intention of defending it.
January 4, ; Kretchmer, Paul. The significance of findings should be clearly described. It is characterized by single actions per sentence and lots of unnecessary details. Write the text of the Results section concisely and objectively. One reason is that your major source of information is this website, and websites are inappropriate as primary sources.
If use of a specific type of equipment, a specific enzyme, or a culture from a particular supplier is critical to the success of the experiment, then it and the source should be singled out, otherwise no.
Ask your professor if you need to include any raw data generated by your study, such as transcripts from interviews or data files. Top of Page Describe your experimental design clearly.
Even if not all of your research results are confirmed, you should not ignore them. Recommendations for specific papers will provide additional suggestions.
Some journals call for a combined results and discussion, for example, or include materials and methods after the body of the paper. Do not include commonly found supplies such as test tubes, pipet tips, beakers, etc.
Always make sure to describe any modifications you have made of a standard or published method. Include the name s and address es of all authors, and date submitted.
For some studies, age may be an important factor. Where relevant, state the effect size of the particular statistical test. Inclusion of non-textual elements, such as, figures, charts, photos, maps, tables, etc.
Very briefy describe the experimental design and how it accomplished the stated objectives. Or, how does the finding demonstrate a promising trend? If any research question or hypothesis is confirmed by your data and analysis, you can point to a table or figure that illustrates your finding.
Try to be objective and provide only received data here. Doing Case Study Research: It is very simple and fast to order your work online and to get an excellent paper just in the term!
Each result, which confirms or refutes your assumptions, should be noted in an unbiased manner to increase the credibility of your study. Choosing graph types To compare proportions and relative amounts How big?
Purpose of the study - hypothesis, overall question, objective Model organism or system and brief description of the experiment Results, including specific data - if the results are quantitative in nature, report quantitative data; results of any statistical analysis shoud be reported Important conclusions or questions that follow from the experiment s Style: General form of a typical research article Specific guidelines if any for the assignment — see the writeups on individual lab studies McMillan, VE.
One experiment will not answer an overall question, so keeping the big picture in mind, where do you go next? It's not unusual to find articles in social science journals where the author s have combined a description of the findings with a discussion about their implications.
Writing a discussion Interpret your data in the discussion in appropriate depth. It is appropriate to report, parenthetically, the source vendor and catalog number for reagents used, e. The loop was moved lightly back and forth over the agar to spread the culture.
Avoid repetitive paragraph structures. Explain all of your observations as much as possible, focusing on mechanisms. SAGE Publications, pp. Components of Results section Results should answer main hypothesis or research question s Order of presenting results is arbitrary May be done in Table 1 in less-complicated studies; or be set apart to emphasize its importance.
Of course you did, because that is what all good scientists do, and it is a given that you recorded your measurements and observations. To be concise, present methods under headings devoted to specific procedures or groups of procedures Generalize - report how procedures were done, not how they were specifically performed on a particular day.
Avoid using ambiguous terms to identify controls or treatments, or other study parameters that require specific identifiers to be clearly understood. You may nevertheless find outside sources, and you should cite any articles that the instructor provides or that you find for yourself. Try to keep the first two items to no more than one sentence each.
Do not present the same data more than once.Tips for Writing a Results Section Perhaps the best way to use the results section is to show the most relevant information in the graphs, figures and tables.
The text, conversely, is used to direct the reader to those, also clarifying any unclear points. How to write the Results and Discussion. Components of Results section. Results should answer main hypothesis or research question(s) Conclusion should be consistent with study objectives/research question.
Explain how the results answer the question under study; Emphasize what is new, different, or important about your results. Writing Research Papers. The abstract is the only text in a research paper to be written without using paragraphs in order to separate major points.
Approaches vary widely, however for our studies the following approach can produce an effective introduction. The purpose of a results section is to present and illustrate your findings. The results section of your paper should report results without any type of subjective interpretation.
Learn how to write a results section. Pay attention to how the authors present the results of their research. If possible, take your paper to your school's writing lab for additional assistance.
Authors usually write the text of the results section based upon the sequence of Tables and Figures. 2. Style: Write the text of the Results section concisely and objectively.
Aspects to Consider in Writing the Results Section of a Research Paper A good place to start for your results section, it’s to restate the aim and objective of your research paper, so that your readers can refocus on the core of your academic article.Download