It also uses cliff hangers to make it more engaging to th audience for example when the egg is hatching it is a cliff hanger because the audience are waiting for the egg to hatch but it doesn't and the whole documentary is a cliff hanger because as viewers we want to see how teh family end.
We see many different interviews throughout the documentary and this is for the filmmaker to get more information on what happened. So for example in these types of documetaries you tend to see the filmmaker having a big role within the events being recored and I will explain this further with my example used.
Unstage footage throughou documentary: There is no staged footage as the camera person filming cannot influence the actions or events taking pace as it is based on a real life person.
This type of documentary also does not have a particular side for examples the bowling fro columbine Michael Moore was against guns and wanted to do everything he could to lower the gun crimes whereas this documentary just focuses on the facts of what happened and the piecing together of things.
Film gave rise to a new and very powerful way of looking at the things. The voice overs we hear are mainly through his Nev and her phone calls so we can hear what she is saying, there is no particular voice over that tries to steer the viewer to one side as this documentary is not based upon sides it is just to entertain.
Bowling for Columbine also has an element of dramatisation as it uses the conventions of voiceovers; this is mainly seen throughout the documentary as Michael Moore illustrates everything happening. It also makes the audience aware of the editing, sound and recording.
For example, the technical code of lighting is used in some way in all film genres. We also see statics and graphs relating back to the facts being said via a voice over. The example I have given for an observational mode is the Geri Halliwell documentary, this documentary is an 'Observational' documentary as it uses the conventions that display this mode.
This type of convention helps with the truth of teh documetary helping the viewers believe what is happening because if you were to try and staged this it would not look natrual with all the paparrazi. They do this through an objective way which is mat through facts, so this type of doucmntary does not showcase any opinions towards penguins it's all based on facts, however although this documentary is based purely on facts it still uses conventions to make it engaging and reflects back to the commitmt of the topic.
The Observational Mode The observational mode is another example of a mode catergised from Bill Nichols. We also see that the documetary uses the technique within realism with teh use of interviews with Geri Halliwell and other people.
The picture to the lieft helps show that the doumentary is not stage as she is just using a webcam to talk about what ever has happend rather than film it from lots of different angls making it look more engaging. We see his views throughout the documentary and is entirely based on him and an experience.
The picture above supports this point. This picture is almost liek an interview but is a meeting with her record and where she is speaking about her songs and albums.
This shows realism because it is not a re-enactment what we are listening to was real. It therefore can be a very persuasive tool where the truth can be twisted to the advantage of the film-maker, and can use the dramatic conventions of fiction films to convince the audience.
It also shows that the camera shots are not always good and this is not the important element. We see this throughout the documentary as it displays a firm sense of realisen through the camera tecahniques being handheld and we can tell this by the shaky camera movements and the low amount of cuts and no use of camera angles.
We see this when Michael Moore is talking about the gun crimes and this all supports what he is saying. Codes are systems of signs, which create meaning. This can most definetly be linked with realism as it is not re-enacted and it uses the actuality footage.
We see in the documentary that the camera person literally just follows Geri Halliwell to her destinations, we understand that their is no stage footage as sometimes the camera lady is not sure whats going to happen and therefore does not know what to film.
This shows realism because it is not a re-enactment what we are listening to was real. These screen shots above show staged parts within the documentary because the camera is in the exact place where the shots looks best for example a mid shot of the penguins together then a close up shot of their feet then a low agle shot of th penguin diving onto the ice.
The Geri Halliwell shows that it tries to capture everything as accurate as possible this is seen when there may be times Geri is not doing much but it shows that you can believe everything being filmed.
Often during an interview, the film will cutaway to show what the interviewee is talking about whilst the voice carries on as a Voice-over. A well placed graphic lends an emphasis that can be lost on an audience if they hear it rather than see it.
As we know and understand their are three different types of conventions that can be used within documentaries and these are; realism, dramatisation, narrativisation.
This can most definetly be linked with realism as it is not re-enacted and it uses the actuality footage. Different documentaries use exposition in different ways. As we know there are three different types of documentary codes and it is clear that this documentary uses the 'Realism' code to get the message across.
Interviews can show both the interviewer asking questions and the interviewee responding, or more commonly just show the interviewee talking almost directly to camera.Codes and conventions of the Documentary Genre A narrator is used to move the narrative along.
They also are used to push and idea or a view on the topic forward. A narrator is important to hold the narrative together. Digetic and Non-Digetic Sound is used to represent emotion or a topic. Graphics. Codes and conventions of Documentary’s.
In documentary’s many different formats are combined to create different desired effects. In this essay I will be looking more in-depth to explain why.
Codes and Conventions of documentary By Shara Bull 2. Definition A Documentary is a recording of an event, generally based on .Download